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A Brutal History

A brief history of the Chinese Communist Party's killings

In 1949, the Chinese Communist Party seizes power by violence, founding the evilest totalitarian communist regime on earth. Since 1949, the CCP has persecuted more than half of the people in China. An estimated 60 million to 80 million people died from unnatural causes. This number exceeds the total number of deaths in both World Wars combined.

Killing of AB Group

In the second half of 1930, the Chinese Communist Party launched an internal anti-AB campaign and more than 70,000 people were killed.

Yan'an Rectification Movement

The Yan'an Rectification Movement from the beginning of 1942 to April 1945 was the first large-scale purge campaign within the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong himself. It used red terror and hooliganism such as interrogation and purge, and established Mao Zedong as the absolute authority in the Communist Party.

Siege of Changchun

On March 13, 1948, the Northeast Democratic Coalition captured Siping, and Changchun became an isolated island surrounded by the Communist Army. On June 7, 1948, Mao Zedong formally agreed to adopt a long-running siege plan for Changchun. At that time, the slogan was: "Do not give the enemy a grain of food and a grass, and trap Chiang Kai-shek's Army to death in the city of Changchun." The then Director of Civil Affairs and Mayor of Changchun, Shang Chuandao, mentioned in his memoir that during the siege a total of 120,000 people died from hunger and illness.

Suppression of the reactionaries and land reform

In March 1950, the CCP announced “Orders to Strictly Suppress Reactionary Elements,” which is historically known as the movement of “suppression of the reactionaries.” Mao even recommended that “in rural areas, to kill the reactionaries, there should be over 1/1000 of the total population killed…in the cities, it should be less than 1/1000. [9]” The population of China at that time was approximately 600 million; this “royal order” from Mao would have caused at least 600,000 deaths. 


the movement of “suppression of the reactionaries.” targeted mainly former Kuomintang officials and intellectuals who were suspected of disloyalty. While the official estimates say 712,000 people were executed and 1,290,000 were imprisoned in labor camps, the actual number is likely much higher. 


The Land Reform Movement was a campaign by the Communist Party leader Mao Zedong during the late phase of the Chinese Civil War and the early People's Republic of China. The campaign involved mass killings of landlords and land redistribution. The estimated death count of the movement was 2-5 millions. 

The “Three Anti Campaign” and “Five Anti Campaign”

From December 1951 to October 1952, the Chinese Communist Party launched the "three anti Campaign" against corruption, waste and bureaucracy and "five anti Campaign" against bribery, tax evasion, theft of state property, jerry-building, and espionage of state economic information movements. 

According to Facts of the Political Campaigns after the Founding of the People’s Republic of China co-edited by four government units including the CCP History Research Center in 1996, during the “Three Anti Campaign” and “Five Anti Campaign,” more than 323,100 people were arrested and over 280 committed suicide or disappeared.

The Cultural Revolution

The Cultural Revolution was formally launched on May 16, 1966 and lasted until 1976. This period was called the “Ten-Year Catastrophe” even by the CCP itself. Later in an interview with a Yugoslav reporter, Hu Yaobang, the former general party secretary said, “At that time nearly 100 million people were implicated, which was one tenth of the Chinese population.” 
Facts of the Political Campaigns after the Founding of the People’s Republic of China reported that, “In May 1984, after 31 months of intensive investigation, verification and recalculation by the Central Committee of the CCP, the figures related to the Cultural Revolution were: over 4.2 million people were detained and investigated; over 1,728,000 people died of unnatural causes; over 135,000 people were labeled as counter-revolutionaries and executed; over 237,000 people were killed and over 7.03 million were disabled in armed attacks; and 71,200 families were destroyed.” Statistics compiled from county annals show that 7.73 million people died of unnatural causes during the Cultural Revolution.

The Great Chinese Famine 

The Great Chinese Famine was a period in the People's Republic of China between the years 1959 and 1961.The great famine was caused by the Great Leap Forward movement(during 1958–1962)and Collectivization of agriculture and public canteen system.
The article “Great Famine” in the book Historical Records of the People’s Republic of China states, “The number of unnatural deaths and reduced births from 1959 to 1961 is estimated at about 40 million…China’s depopulation by 40 million is likely to be the world’s greatest famine in this century.”

Tiananmen Square Massacre

In 1989 troops with assault rifles and tanks fired at the demonstrators and those trying to block 
the military's advance into Tiananmen Square. Estimates of the death toll vary from several hundred to several thousand, with thousands more wounded。 British Ambassador Sir Alan Donald initially claimed, based on information from a "good friend" in the China State Council, that a minimum of 10,000 civilians died. In 2014, declassified documents from the White House in 2014 revealed that approximately 10,454 people were killed.

Unprecedented Evil: The Persecution of Falun Gong

On July 20, 1999, former CCP General Secretary Jiang Zemin launched the persecution of Falun Gong and vowed to “annihilate Falun Gong in three months.” He issued an order to “ruin their reputation, cut them off financially, and destroy their physical bodies.” According to information collected by, between July 20, 1999 and July 10, 2019, there have been at least 2,500,000 to 3,000,000 arrests of Falun Gong practitioners (some have been arrested multiple times). has summarized more than 100 methods of torture used on Falun Gong practitioners, including beating; shocking with electric batons; force-feeding; sleep deprivation; hanging practitioners up in different postures; starvation; denial of toilet access; forced abortion; burning and scalding with hot water, irons, or hot oil; dragging; sexual assault; whipping; forced labor; and solitary confinement. 


The persecution has caused tremendous loss of life and property. As of September 10, 2019, has confirmed 4,343 cases of practitioners being persecuted to death. This is far fewer than the actual death toll, as many cases—especially those concerning live organ harvesting—have remained hidden. The bodies of many deceased practitioners have also been forcibly cremated to destroy evidence. has also confirmed that, as of July 10, 2019, at least 86,050 practitioners have been arrested at one point or another; 28,143 have spent time in labor camps; 17,963 have been sentenced to prison; 18,838 have been taken to brainwashing centers; and 809 have been confined in mental hospitals. It has also documented 519,040 cases of torture. Untold numbers have suffered discrimination, termination of employment, loss of income, mental trauma, broken families, injury, disability, or death over the past two decades of persecution. 

In the persecution of Falun Gong, the CCP introduced an evil never before seen: live organ harvesting. As the largest group of people imprisoned for their faith in China, Falun Gong practitioners are killed on demand, vivisected on the operating tables of state and military hospitals, and their organs are sold for tens or hundreds of thousands of dollars.

On July 7, 2006, Canadian lawyers David Matas and David Kilgour (former Canadian secretary of state, Asia-Pacific) published a report titled Bloody Harvest: The Killing of Falun Gong for Their Organs. Examining 18 types of evidence, they shed light on the CCP’s monstrosity, calling it “a disgusting form of evil … new to this planet.” Matas and Kilgour, working with international investigators, published the report An Update to ‘The Slaughter’ and ‘Bloody Harvest’ in June 2016. Running over 680 pages and containing more than 2,400 references, it proved beyond any doubt the reality and scale of the live organ harvesting carried out by the Chinese communist regime. On June 13, 2016, the U.S. House of Representatives unanimously passed Resolution 343, demanding the CCP bring an immediate end to the forced organ harvesting of Falun practitioners and other prisoners of conscience. The lucrative organ transplant business sustained support for the persecution of Falun Gong and attracted clients from China and around the world, making them complicit in the CCP’s mass murder.


The French Revolution

1789 French Revolution destroyed the monarchy, overturned the traditional social order, and began a system of mob rule. The Jacobin Club, which took power after the French Revolution and sent French King Louis XVI to the guillotine. Jacobin leader Maximilien Robespierre’s Reign of Terror brought the executions of another 70,000 people, most of whom were completely innocent.


The Paris Commune 

In March 1871, the Paris Commune began with the rebellion of armed mobs and bandits from the lowest rungs of society, led by socialists, communists, anarchists, and other activists. The movement was affiliated with and heavily influenced by the First International. It aimed at using the proletariat as the agents of revolution to destroy traditional culture and transform the political and economic structure of society. What followed was killing and destruction on a massive scale as the rebels laid waste to the exquisite relics, monuments, and art of Paris.


The October Revolution

The Bolsheviks led by Lenin carried out a coup on November 7, 1917, or October 25 by the traditional Julian calendar. With the October Revolution, Lenin overthrew the provisional government and established the world’s first communist regime.


From Lenin's totalitarianism to the Stalin era, the Soviet Communist Party created shocking crimes--suppression of workers and peasants uprising, elimination of rich farmers, institutional famine, religious persecution, persecution of dissidents, internal purge and killing, infamous labor camps, Katyn massacre and many more. According to the "Black Book of Communism", at least 20 million people have died under the rule of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU).

A Brief History of the Soviet

Communist Party's Murder

In "Communist Crimes", an introduction to "The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression," the author initially counted the crimes of the Communist regime around the world. It listed several crimes committed by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU):

• Executions of tens of thousands of hostages and prisoners without trial between 1918 and 1922, and the murder of hundreds of thousands of uprising workers and peasants;

• Famine in 1922 that killed 5 million people;

• Elimination and exile of the Cossacks of the Don River in 1920;

• Murders of tens of thousands of people in multiple concentration camps from 1918 to 1930;

• The eradication of almost 690,000 people during the Great Purge from 1937 to 1938;

• The exile of 2 million rich farmers (and so-called rich farmers) from 1930 to 1932;

• The eradication of 4 million Ukrainians and 2 million others by using man-made and systematic starvation between 1932 and 1933;

• The exile hundreds of thousands of Poles, Ukrainians, residents of the southeast Baltic coast, Moldova and Bessarabia from 1939 to 1941 and again between 1944 and 1945;

• The exile of Volga Germans in 1941;

• The total exile of the Tatars of the Crimea in 1943;

• Total exile of Chechens in 1944;

• Full exile of the Ingush in 1944.


Suppression of Tambov riots

In 1921, Red Army Commander Mikhail Tukhachevsky led a squad to suppress the peasant riots in Tambov, using heavy artillery, armored trains and gas to kill the villagers. Throughout the campaign, Mikhail Tukhachevsky used 45,000 soldiers, 706 heavy machine guns, iron armored trains, and 18 aircraft, and turned a large area of ​​the Tambov area into a deserted area with poison gas and fire. During this horrific crackdown, an estimated 100,000 peasant uprisers and their families were imprisoned or exiled, and 15,000 may have been executed.


"Cheka"-executions and torture

On December 20, 1917, the " All-Russian Extraordinary (or Emergency) Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution and Sabotage under the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR" was established. In 1918 its name was changed, becoming All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution, Profiteering and Corruption. Its Russian abbreviation is transliterated as "Cheka", and it is the predecessor of the Communist Party National Secret Police Agency. Only from 1918 to February 1922, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) killed no less than 2 million people.



The Holodomor was a man-made famine in Soviet Ukraine in 1932 and 1933 that killed millions of Ukrainians. It is also known as the Terror-Famine and Famine-Genocide in Ukraine, and sometimes referred to as the Great Famine or the Ukrainian Genocide of 1932–33. After the civil war, the CPSU’s imposition of collective farming met with widespread resistance from the Ukrainian peasantry. To deal with this, the Soviet regime classified a majority of skilled farmers as “kulaks” and exiled them to Western Siberia and the republics of Central Asia. The removal of the kulaks was a huge loss to Ukrainian agriculture, and in 1932, production plummeted.

In the winter of 1932–1933, the Soviet government cut off food supplies to Ukraine and set up security fences along the borders of the republic. At first, Ukrainians survived on the stored vegetables and potatoes in their homes, but these were soon requisitioned by Party authorities. A large number of farmers starved to death. In desperation, people turned to eating the dug-up carcasses of cats, dogs, and livestock—and even cannibalism.

The authorities prevented villagers from traveling to the cities in search of food. Many people starved to death as they walked along the railways. The Holodomor famine turned more than 1 million Ukrainian children into orphans. Many of them became homeless and had no choice but to beg for food in the cities. To eliminate this embarrassment, Stalin signed orders authorizing police to shoot children as young as 12.

Estimates of the death toll during the Holodomor range from about 2.5 million to 4.8 million. During the famine, bodies of the victims could be seen all over the streets of Kharkov, the Ukrainian capital.

The Gulags

On September 5, 1918, Lenin ordered the establishment of the first Soviet concentration camp on the Solovetsky Islands for the incarceration, torture, and slaughter of political prisoners and dissidents who opposed the October Revolution. The CPSU followed this up with a constellation of concentration camps across the Soviet Union — the notorious gulag labor camps of the Stalinist era. By the time of Stalin’s death in 1953, there were 170 gulag administrations containing over 30,000 individual camps scattered across the Soviet Union.


According to conservative estimates, over 500,000 prisoners perished in the gulag system between 1930 and 1940, during the years of Stalin’s prewar terror. The system was disbanded in 1960. In 2013, a website of the Russian state media reported that more than 15 million people had been sentenced and imprisoned in the gulag labor camps, and more than 1.5 million had died.

Katyn Massacre

Katyn Massacre, mass execution of Polish military officers by the Soviet Union during World War II. After Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union concluded their Nonaggression Pact of 1939 and Germany invaded Poland from the west, Soviet forces occupied the eastern half of Poland. As a consequence of this occupation, tens of thousands of Polish military personnel fell into Soviet hands and were interned in prison camps inside the Soviet Union. 

Then on April 13, 1943, the Germans announced that they had discovered mass graves of Polish military officers and intelligentsia in the Katyn forest near Smolensk.In 1992 the Russian government released documents proving that the Soviet Politburo and the NKVD had been responsible for the massacre and cover-up and revealing that there may have been more than 20,000 victims. In 2000 a memorial was opened at the site of the killings in Katyn.


The Great Terror Turns on the Soviet Elite

Beginning in 1928, Stalin targeted the upper echelons of the communist leadership. Out of the 1,966 delegates to the 17th Congress of the CPSU in 1934, 1,108 were arrested on charges of counter-revolutionary activity. Of the 139 members of the Central Committee elected at the 17th Congress, four out of every five were shot.

The Soviet Politburo had elected 31 members between 1919 and 1935, of whom 20 were killed in Stalin’s purges. Lavrentiy Beria, Stalin’s secret police chief, once said, “Show me the man and I’ll find you the crime.” Except for Stalin, all of the Politburo members remaining at the time of Lenin’s death in 1924 — Lev Kamenev, Grigory Zinoviev, Alexei Rykov, Mikhail Tomsky, and Leon Trotsky — were executed or assassinated by 1940.

No section of society was spared in the Great Terror — repression in the religious, scientific, educational, academic, and artistic fields preceded the purges that gutted the military and political elite. The main victims of Stalin’s terror were ordinary Soviet citizens.

How many were arrested, killed, imprisoned, or exiled by Stalin in the Great Terror? Even today there are no complete records or answers. On the eve of the dissolution of the Soviet Union in June 1991, KGB chief Vladimir Kryuchkov said that between 1920 and 1953, about 4.2 million people were “suppressed” — including 2 million during the Great Terror alone.


Alexander Yakovlev, a reformist politician in the Soviet and Yeltsin eras, said in a 2000 interview that the victims of the Stalinist repression numbered at least 20 million.

Cambodia Communist Regime

Pol Pot’s Khmer Rouge only existed for four years in Cambodia. Nevertheless, from 1975 to 1978, more than two million people, including over 200,000 Chinese, were killed led to the deaths of one quarter of the population in just four years. 

Romania Communist Regime

The former communist regime committed massive human rights violations and crimes against humanity, killing and persecuting as many as two million people between 1945 and 1989。

North Korea Communist Regime

In the nearly 50 years that the Communist totalitarian regime of Kim Family has ruled North Korea, nine major cleansings within the party killed about 100,000 party members and 1.5 million people died in concentration camps; 1.3 million people died in civil war; and between 500,000 and 2 million starved to death. In addition, about 400,000 Chinese Volunteer Army were killed and 450,000 were disabled in North Korea. The total number of North Korean deaths in the 23 million population ruled by the Communist Party for more than 50 years is over 3 million.

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